Communion Service – association with and participation in Christ
- Colossians 2:13-3:4
First, an illustration. Heila and I visited a very interesting shop not so long ago during a visit to the Blue Mountains in NSW. This particular shop is home to the largest collection of teapots in the world. On shelves about pelmet height, are displayed more than 4,000 teapots. But that’s not all: apart from this very extensive collection of teapots, you can find every conceivable piece of glassware. Wherever to put your foot down or swing your arm or point your finger at, you bump into precious glassware. Don’t go there with grandchildren; if you have to use a walking stick, stay away!
Now the question, how can the owners assure that they conduct a profitable business? One possible answer to this intriguing question possibly lies in the notice at the entrance of this shop. It says You brake it, you pay for it. Entering into the shop, accepting this condition, makes you a partner of the business for the duration of the visit, sharing in the risk of running it.
The operative words here are association and participation. This takes us back to Colossians 2:11-15. I will try to explain this fairly complex paragraph in the word of God by breaking it up in little bits.
Old Testament Covenant
The background of the verses 11-14 is the Biblical doctrine of God’s Covenant with his people. God called Israel, which is the Church in Old Testament times, to be his people. He made an agreement with them in which He was the principle partner, and they the minor partners. Because God is the only God who could save, provide, protect and assure safety, He by grace took Israel to be his people. He placed upon them obligations stipulated in His covenant, requiring of them to live holy lives as people of God.
He also gave them signs as a seal of this covenant: all male children had to be circumcised. This circumcision was ultimately a circumcision of the heart, something not done by hands but by the Holy Spirit of God. This sign was a sign of God’s grace, but by this sign they would be set apart from the rest of the nations as God’s holy nation. They had to turn from their evil practices, not live as the nations around them and worship God only as He commanded them. The term we may use for their sanctification within this context is the term we find in our verse of Col 2:11 – they had to put to death their sinful nature.
In Leviticus 19:2 God commanded Moses to speak to the people: “Say to them: ‘You shall be holy, for I the Lord you God am holy.’” They had to revere their parents, keep the Sabbaths, turn away from idols, serve God only and bring sacrifices to them in the prescribed way, love their neighbours, not steal, not cheat, do honest work, etc. And about every time God gives them the command, He adds to it: “I am the Lord your God.” Why? Well, He saved them and made a covenant with them. That’s why. He owns them and the stipulations of his covenant demanded it.
The sign of circumcision (as an Old Testament sacrament) was accompanied by sacrifices. All sacrifices had their fulfilment in the Passover Lamb (the other Old Testament sacrament). The sacrifices they were to bring to the Lord assured that they could enjoy communion with Him because of their sins being forgiven. They did not die for their sins, but the animals did. Their participation in the act of sacrifice and their association with the blood of the animal brought to them forgiveness.
New Testament Covenant
Let’s go back to Colossians. God extended his covenant of mercy to all nations through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. People from all tribes and tongues and nations now become members of the household of God. How? The same way as the people of the Old Testament: by grace, by covenant and through sacrifice. The sacrifice of Jesus Christ is like the animals killed for their salvation. His death and resurrection now is just enormously more and ultimately more perfect than animal sacrifice.
God also gives to his New Covenant people a sign of his covenant. It is the same circumcision not done by hands; it remains the mysterious and gracious work of the Holy Spirit. He gives them a circumcision of the heart, here called the circumcision of Christ.
Now we need to take it step by step to understand the argument of the apostle Paul. The people did not die and pay the price of sin; but by association and participation in the death and blood of the sacrificial animal God granted them forgiveness. The same now applies for the New Covenant people. We don’t die or pay the price for our sins, but by faith we associate with and participate in the death of Jesus Christ. So, when He died on the cross, we died. When He was buried, we were buried. When He rose again, we rose. Now, and this is a very legitimate question, how do I know it is for sure? God gave us signs as a seal and guarantee like He gave to the people of the Old Testament. To them He gave the sign of circumcision, to us He gives us the circumcision of Christ’s complete righteousness and baptism is the new sign of the very same covenant of grace. When we are baptised, all Jesus Christ did to meet the righteousness of God, by faith became ours. Baptism is the sign that Jesus Christ is the One who died and was raised again in my place so I can become part of God’s family. By faith I participate in his death. As God worked in Jesus Christ to raise Him from the dead, so we are raised with Him through the eternal power of God. By faith I participate in his resurrection. We only need the sign that associates us with Him and assures us of our participation in his redemption. The rest is God’s act of mercy and grace. Listen:
When you were dead in your sins and in the uncircumcision of your sinful nature, God made you alive with Christ. He forgave us all our sins, having canceled the written code, with its regulations, that was against us and that stood opposed to us; he took it away, nailing it to the cross. (Colossians 2:13-14)
The Passover Lamb was nailed to the cross of Calvary to take away our sins. He cancelled the written code, always reminding us of our unrighteousness having all our trespasses written in and He nailed it to the cross. This is what we remember and celebrate at the Lord’s Table.
There on the cross Jesus Christ also triumphed over all powers to that they may never have a claim over our lives (verse 15). Paul states it like this in his letter to Timothy:
“… our Savior, Christ Jesus, who has destroyed death and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. (2 Timothy 1:10)
The author of Hebrews underscores this by saying
“Since the children have flesh and blood, He [Christ] too shared in their humanity so that by His death He might destroy him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil” (Hebrews 2:14)
Two signs in the Old Testament and two signs in the New Testament, pointing to the same act of grace from God in two different dispensations. Circumcision is replaced by baptism; the sacrificial system replaced by the cross of Jesus as we remember it at the Lord’s Table. In both these cases the principle to have part in salvation applies: by faith we associate with Him; by faith we participate in his victory over sin and death. This is the amazing, remarkable and incredible fact of the grace of God.
One with Christ in holy living
Now, just as circumcision did not save God’s Church in the Old Testament, so baptism does not save the people of God’s Church in the New Testament. It was a sign of God’s grace; it is not grace itself. Through Christ God’s people become members of his body, and we are called to live holy lives, dedicated to God. We need to put to death our earthly nature.
This then takes us to chapter 3 where Paul resumes the argument:
Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above, where Christ is seated at the right hand of God. For you died, and your life is now hidden with Christ in God. (Colossians 3:1,3)
Here the principle of association with and participation in comes in again. The Sacraments bind us to Christ. This assures our participation in his death and resurrection, but it calls for our association with Him in setting our hearts on things above where He is, because our lives are hidden in Him. This is essentially the same as what Paul says in Rom 12:2:
Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will. (Romans 12:2)
He also stresses the same point in Rom 8:
Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with Him. In the same way, count yourselves dead to sin but alive to God in Christ Jesus. Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its evil desires. Do not offer the parts of your body to sin, as instruments of wickedness, but rather offer yourselves to God, as those who have been brought from death to life; and offer the parts of your body to him as instruments of righteousness. (Romans 6:8, 11-13)
Let’s for one moment get back to where we started. Remember the glassware shop and the notice You brake it, you pay for it? We pointed out to the principle of association with and participation in. Going into that shop poses a risk: I might enjoy what I see, but I might walk away from it a lot poorer than I walked into it.
It is so much different when I walk into God’s grace. First of all, I enter into his grace by his invitation, not by my decision. Secondly, my broken life and the rest of God’s creation that I effected so badly because of my sinfulness do not have a notice You brake, you pay for it on it. The wonder of God’s grace is that, although I am truly responsible, and therefore accountable to God, someone else paid to make it whole and repair what I broke. Jesus Christ is that one. By faith what He did becomes mine. Faith gives what belongs to Him to me. I associate with Him and participate in Him. That’s grace!
Two or three years before the death of John Newton, well-known minister of the Word in the 18th Century and author of the beloved hymn Amazing Grace, when his sight was so dim that he was no longer able to read, a friend and brother in the ministry called to have breakfast with him. Their custom was to read the Word of God following mealtime, after which Newton would make a few short remarks on the Biblical passage, and then they prayed. On a specific day, however, there was silence after the words of Scripture “by the grace of God I am what I am” were read.
Finally, after several minutes, Newton spoke,
“I am not what I ought to be! How imperfect and deficient I am! I am not what I wish to be, although I abhor that which is evil and would cleave to what is good! I am not what I hope to be, but soon I shall be out of mortality, and with it all sin and imperfection. Though I am not what I ought to be, nor what I wish to be, nor yet what I hope to be, I can truly say I am not what I once was: a slave to sin and Satan. I can heartily join with the apostle and acknowledge that by the grace of God I am what I am!”
Then, after a pause, he said. “Now let us pray!”
Sermon preached by Rev D. Rudi Schwartz on Sunday 7 December 2014 (Communion Service)
Filed under: Sermons | Tagged: Bible, Christ, church, communion, covenant, faith, God, grace, holiness, Jesus Christ, John Newton, living by faith, Rev D Rudi Schwartz, righteousness, sin | Leave a comment »
Come and join us for a night of carols to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ.
WHEN: Sunday 14 December 2014 @ 7.30pm
WHERE: Wee Waa Hospital lawns
Bring your own chairs and rugs
Glow sticks, etc for sale on night
“Do not be afraid. I bring you good news that will cause great joy for all the people. Today in the town of David a Saviour has been born to you; He is the Messiah, the Lord. (Luke 2:10–11)
Sodom: A matter of perspective?
- Genesis 19
Dear brother and sister in the Lord,
Perspective on something is important. One’s perspective is formed by many experiences and inputs.
Ask me about horse riding, and I remember the I tried it. I nearly fell off and the next day was torture. My perspective on horse riding is also shaped by races, outlandish fashion parades and lots of money wasted through betting.
Others have a completely different view on horse riding. Some actually love it!
When we look at Sodom, what do we see? For us who have known the story since Sunday school days, we look upon Sodom and Gomorrah as evil cities. But I bet something is creeping into our society today which make us look at those ancient cities differently.
The Bible provides us with four different perspectives: the inhabitants of Sodom, Lot, Abraham and God.
Luke describes the fall of Sodom in the same terms as he described the days of Noah:
“It was the same in the days of Lot. People were eating and drinking, buying and selling, planting and building. (Luke 17:28, NIV)
God said to Abraham, “The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin grievous” (Genesis 18:20, NIV)
The people of Sodom and Gomorrah were a law unto themselves. Every time the Scriptures expresses evil, it referred to Sodom. 2 Peter 2:7 says “the city was depraved in conduct of the lawless.” What stood out about the lawlessness of Sodom was its “sexual immorality and perversion.” (Jude 7). It seems as if these two things go hand in hand. A licentious lifestyle, where man has become its own benchmark for right or wrong, leads to sexual immorality and perversion. To those in Sodom all seemed right. It became a code to live by: they decided what the rules for their society would be. There was no concern for God or his law.
To knock a man’s door down to demand sexual pleasures of a visitor became a right.
Let’s divert a bit here. For those who in our day arguing that if Christians find homosexuality offensive for them, they should not expect of non-Christians to have the same conviction. But the point is Sodom and Gomorrah were not Christian cities, they were not included into the elect people of God in the first instance, but what they did was to, as the Bible itself states,
“… Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding cities… indulged in sexual immorality and pursued unnatural desire, serve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire. (Jude 7)
Paul writes about the same thing.
“Even their women exchanged natural sexual relations for unnatural ones. In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their error. (Romans 1:26–27, NIV)
Australia prides itself for being a secular society. We have now freed ourselves from our Judeo-Christian heritage, and we have become our own benchmarks for what is right and wrong. We have the Sydney mardi gras, partly sponsored by taxpayers’ money, protected by the police, broadcasted by national TV stations, and promoted as a money-spinning tourist attraction. The official website invites visitors to …
a cavalcade of fabulousness that includes dancing boys, marching girls, the famous Dykes on Bikes, floats, music, glitter, leather and more spray tans than Beverly Hills. The aim of the parade, which begins with the raising of the rainbow flag, is to lift the visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and intersex (LGBTQI) communities. Underneath all the fun, frivolity and feathers lies a serious message: it’s a statement of pride, diversity and acceptance.
Members our of own parliament push for the introduction of same-sex marriages under the guise of marriage equality.
Ministers of the church are under pressure to perform same-sex marriages, and venues who refuse to have a reception for these people can lose their licences, or even receive penalties. Even baker shops in America refusing to bake wedding cakes with same-sex partners on it, are getting warnings and receive penalties.
Some evangelical churches have changed their views on homosexuality and have allowed gay ministers into their pulpits. And these actions are heralded as steps in the right direction.
Look at Sodom. What do you see? Look at the state of the moral decay in Australia. What do you see? Sodom saw nothing wrong – but what did not see coming was the condemnation of God. God is not mocked. Let’s wake up. Sodom served as a example. Listen! Jude says their punishment serves as “an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire.”
We know the story of Lot. His fall did not happen at once. It started when he looked. He then moved to the plains of Sodom, then close to the city, then into the city, and finally he became part of them. His wife seemed lost the moment they got there, and his daughters were about to be married to men of the city.
When we find Lot as the gate of the city, it could imply that he became part of their judgement team, because that’s where the judges of the city gathered. Maybe he thought he could have an influence on the city. The remark in verse 9, “This fellow came here as a foreigner, and now he wants to play the judge! We’ll treat you worse than them,” (Genesis 19:9) could mean that the city people had enough of him who tried to judge them. But the fact of the matter is that he was living in their midst.
Peter says of Lot that he was “a righteous man, who was distressed by the depraved conduct of the lawless.” (2 Peter 2:7).
And I think Lot is typical of most Christians today.
Yes, we are distressed by the depravity and the sins around us; we cringe when the Name of our Lord is blasphemed through the media; we are hurt when people hurl insults against the church of our Lord; we are concerned about the future of Christianity and Bible classes in our schools; we mourn when Christians in other parts of the world are killed and slaughtered like animals – but, we have lost the impact of our testimony and witness to the world – just like Lot – because in may cases we have become too close to the world. In some way, what the world has on offer, we have come to love, even if it means that we do it in the privacy of our home, watching the same programs as the world, enjoying it and laughing as the same crude jokes of some so-called comedians.
We have become soft as we listen to the arguments of this world about God’s standards for marriage, bad language, detestable business practices, lies, and morality in general. Yes, when we find ourselves in private with our God, we confess and like Lot we are distressed, but rarely are Christians prepared to stand up publicly for the Name of Christ. Our witness have become weak and incredible, difficult to take seriously.
Lot called the brutal sinners of Sodom “friends” (or brothers in other translations). Let’s face it, there is a line in the sand when we deal with those who openly mock the living God of heaven; there is a time when being friendly, nice and kind becomes fanciful. The Lord calls us to be salt and light, a city on a mountain. It is our job to proclaim the message, without fear of condemnation or being and offence. If they hate us for doing so, then good – our Lord prepared us for it.
Are you perhaps a Lot, distressed by what you see and hear, but silent, weak and unproductive, or even having a witness which has lost its credibility because of the fact the secretly, or not even that secretly, you have come to love the world. Worldliness is the death nail in the coffin of the church.
Abraham walked with God and trusted God. God revealed to him his plans to destroy the city, but he did not argue with God. He trusted God, believed God, and just knew that God was just and full of grace. He was at one with the plan of God. For him the glory of God is what counted.
When he got the dry stoney hill country and Lot got the green valley of Sodom, he did not argue with God or accused God of being unfair.
But because he knew God’s grace and faithfulness, he looked at Sodom and saw the evil of the city. He did not try to make it look a bit more attractive. When God said the evil city became an outcry against heaven, he knew it was true. At that stage he did not try to excuse Lot and his family, or to condone the fact that they had become part of the promiscuity of the city. He knew sin in the eyes of God was sin. He knew God was just in condemning the city.
But he also understood that God is a God of his word. He knew he could go to God in prayer.
Humbly he prayed,
“Suppose there were fifty righteous within the city; would You also destroy the place and not spare it for the fifty righteous that were in it? Far be it from You to do such a thing as this, to slay the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous should be as the wicked; far be it from You! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?” (Genesis 18:24–25)
He was right. God wouldn’t have done it, but there were no fifty righteous left in the city. Abraham kept praying, knowing that his nephew and family were about to experience God’s wrath. Finally, in all humility, he prayed,
“Let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak but once more: Suppose ten should be found there?” And He said, “I will not destroy it for the sake of ten.” (Genesis 18:32, NKJV)
He did not give up appealing on the grace and justice of God. If there were ten God would not destroy the city. Abraham then left it in God’s hands. God is good, just, righteous and holy.
What did Abraham see when he looked at Sodom? Two things: sin deserving punishment. He did not try to intercede for the city on any ground, other than the fact that it was deserving of God’s justice.
But Abraham also saw God, the just, the forgiving, the faithful, the One who answers prayers. And he trusted God. So, he prayed for Lot. And God answered his prayer. I find it amazing that God remained faithful to the prayer of Abraham, even when it seemed that Lot resisted God’s grace: the angels grabbed him and his family by the hand and urged them out of the city. Then in verse 22:
Hurry, escape there. For I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” (Genesis 19:22)
God’s mercy on Lot because of Abraham’s prayer. I think God will do the same if we start pleading for the world around us. Listen to this verse:
The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is long-suffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance. (2 Peter 3:9)
He is righteous, just, holy, punishing the sin of sinners. When God looked at Sodom He had all the right to be angry and show his judgement. But verse 18-19 gives us a glimpse in God’s way of looking at this world. He knew very well that, left to our own devices, nothing would ever save us. Yes, homosexuals and promiscuous people, but all of us would end up like Sodom – all of us are sinners and fall short of the glory of God.
But the promise to Abraham looked forward to the nations who would be blessed through him. Along his line God send his son, Jesus Christ; He took the punishment to save us from eternal destruction. By grace we receive grace, not a burned out city, but the same city Abraham was longing to see, the city not built with the hands of a man – God’s city.
Those who long to see this city believe in Christ. They repented of their sins, turned against this world, love Christ and do his work on earth till that day.
All those who do not love Christ, not only homosexuals and the promiscuous, who have not turned from their sins in repentance and faith in the Lord Jesus, can only look forward to a life after this in eternal destruction. God is just and righteous – no-one who tramples the blood of his son underfoot will see heaven, but will be thrown in the lake of fire, prepared for the devil and those who worship him. There is no other way to describe it.
Hide under the judgement of the cross of Christ and receive life; walk away from it, and God’s judgement rest upon you. Amen.
Sermon preached by Rev D Rudi Schwartz on Sunday 7th November 2014
Filed under: Sermons | Tagged: abraham, Bible, Christ, Christianity, church, confession, death, faith, Gomorrah, hell, homosexuals, Jesus Christ, Lot, promiscuous, Rev D Rudi Schwartz, Sodom, Sydney mardi gras | Leave a comment »
Is it just in Australia where people just pray? Or does it happen in other countries and in other languages too?
I am referring to the the use of the word just.
It is not uncommon to hear this little word used just repeated ad nausea in a prayers. “We just come to You …” “We just want to ask …” We just want to pray for …” “We just want to thank You for …”
I wonder, why just? If someone new to the English language hear us use just over and over again, would they not think why just?
The word can mean fair (the punishment is just), merited (the reward is just), exactly, precisely (just five meters), recently (the phone just rang), directly (just next to the stove), simply (just so good), only ( just last year), perhaps (it just might work), almost (my work is just about done).
The average person praying to God using just will not have all these meaning in mind when he or she is just asking or thanking God. But just what do we mean when we use this little word? Especially when we use it over and over again. I counted more than 20 times in a prayer of about two minutes.
For the person of reformed background there is nothing just in himself to form any ground for his petitions. He merits nothing and just ask on the basis of God’s grace.
If just is used to describe any limits exactly (or precisely), we would need to think very carefully. Isn’t it at times that we are just so vague in what we pray for that we fall back on just? In these cases our just can actually mean only, which unknowingly would pray and put limits on
God’s power to really answer our prayers. “We just pray for rain” can mean that’s the only thing we ask for. Isn’t it a good thing that God does not always answer our prayers they way we bring our petitions before Him?
I suspect just in most prayers might have the meaning of simply. That’s good, because it reflects humility. But maybe we should use the humbly, “We humbly ask… “
Next time we pray and just ask, lets keep this in mind:
Now to Him who is able to do far more abundantly than all that we ask or think, according to the power at work within us, to Him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, forever and ever. Amen. (Ephesians 3:20–21, ESV)
And so, from the day we heard, we have not ceased to pray for you, asking that you may be filled with the knowledge of his will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding, so as to walk in a manner worthy of the Lord, fully pleasing to him, bearing fruit in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God. (Colossians 1:9–10, ESV)
No restrictions, no perhaps, no only, no just.
As a matter of fact, nowhere in the Bible is just connected to a prayer request.